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Citing Sources: In-Text Citations - MLA

This LibGuide is designed to provide students with assistance in citing sources from a variety of sources.

MLA In-Text Citations

For in-text citations, put the information about the source in parentheses within the text of the paper, rather than in a footnote or end note. Note that the punctuation for the sentence goes AFTER the final parenthesis, like this: (Smith 20-21).

Basic Citation 
Cite the author's last name and the page number where the information
you cited is found. 
(Smith 77).
No Author
Provide an abbreviated title for the source. Italics book titles 
and put quotations about article titles.  
This book... (Long 221). 
This article... (“Long” 110).  
No Page Number
Provide author's name only. If there are no page numbers, 
you can not invent any. 
(Smith).
Two Authors (Smith and Davis 17).